### Page 13.3 Ex. 13.1

Q1.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

$\overline{)a=\u20132;b=3;c=\u201312}$**(ii) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(iii) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(iv) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(v) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(vi) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(vii) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

**(viii) **We are given

Comparing the given equation with ,we get

Q2.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given,

Now, in two variable forms the given equation will be

**(ii) **We are given,

Now, in two variable forms the given equation will be

**(iii) **We are given,

Now, in two variable forms the given equation will be

**(iv) **We are given,

Now, in two variable forms the given equation will be

Q3.

**Answer :**

Let the cost of fountain pen be *x* and cost of ball pen be *y*.

According to the given equation, we have

### Page 13.23 Ex. 13.3

Q1.

**Answer :**

**(i)** We are given,

*x + y* = 4

We get,

*y* = 4 – *x*,

Now, substituting *x* = 0 in *y* = 4 – *x*, we get

*y* = 4

Substituting *x* = 4 in *y* = 4 – *x*, we get

*y* = 0

Thus, we have the following table exhibiting the abscissa and ordinates of points on the line represented by the given

x | 0 | 4 |

y | 4 | 0 |

**(ii)** We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting *x* = 0 in *y* = *x *– 2, we get

Substituting *x* = 2 in *y* = *x *– 2, we get

Thus, we have the following table exhibiting the abscissa and ordinates of points on the line represented by the given equation

x | 0 | 2 |

y | –2 | 0 |

**(iii)** We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting in ,we get

Substituting x = –6 in ,we get

Thus, we have the following table exhibiting the abscissa and ordinates of points on the line represented by the given equation

x | 0 | 6 |

y | 6 | 0 |

**(iv)** We are given,

Now, substituting x = 1 in ,we get

Substituting x = 3 in ,we get

Thus, we have the following table exhibiting the abscissa and ordinates of points on the line represented by the given equation

x | 1 | 3 |

y | 2 | 6 |

**(v)** We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting x = 0 in ,we get

Substituting x = 5 in ,we get

x | 0 | 5 |

y | 3 | 0 |

**(vi)** We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting x = 0 in ,we get

Substituting x = 4 in ,we get

x | 0 | 4 |

y | –6 | 0 |

**(vii) **We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting x = 5 in ,we get

Substituting x = 8 in ,we get

*y* = 5

x | 5 | 8 |

y | 4 | 5 |

**(viii) **We are given,

We get,

Now, substituting x = 1 in ,we get

Substituting x = 5 in ,we get

x | 1 | 5 |

y | –1 | –2 |

Q2.

**Answer :**

We observe that *x* = 3 and *y* = 12 is the solution of the following equations

So, we get the equations of two lines passing through (3, 12) are, 4*x* – *y* = 0 and 3*x* – *y* + 3 = 0.

We know that passing through the given point infinitely many lines can be drawn. So, there are infinitely many lines passing through (3,12)

Q3.

**Answer :**

Total fare of Rs *y* for covering the distance of *x* km is given by

Where, Rs *y* is the total fare (x – 1) is taken as the cost of first kilometer is already given Rs 15 and 1 has to subtracted from the total distance travelled to deduct the cost of first kilometer.

Q4.

**Answer :**

Total charges of Rs 27 of which Rs *x* for first three days and Rs *y* per day for 4 more days is given by

Here, is taken as the charges for the first three days are already given at Rs *x* and we have to find the charges for the remaining four days as the book is kept for the total of 7 days.

Q5.

**Answer :**

The number given to us is in the form of *yx*,

where *y* represents the ten’s place of the number

And *x* represents the unit’s place of the number

Now, the given number is

number obtained by reversing the digits of the number is

It is given to us that the original number is 27 more than the number obtained by reversing its digits

So,

Q6.

**Answer :**

The number given to us is in the form of *yx*.

where *y* represents the ten^{’}s place of the number

And *x* represents the units place of the number

Now, the given number is

number obtained by reversing the digits of the number is

It is given to us that the sum of these two numbers is 121

So,

Q7.

**Answer :**

The required graph is below:-

By plotting the given points (3, 5) and (–1, 3) on a graph paper, we get the line BC.

We have already plotted the point A (1, 4) on the given plane by the intersecting lines.

Therefore, it is proved that the straight line passing through (3, 5) and (–1, 3) also passes through A (1, 4).

Q8.

**Answer :**

We are given co-ordinates (1, –1) and (–1, 1) as the solution of one of the following equations.

We will substitute the value of both co-ordinates in each of the equation and find the equation which satisfies the given co-ordinates.

**(i) **We are given,

Substituting ,we get

Substituting ,we get

Therefore, the given equationdoes not represent the graph in the figure.

**(ii) **We are given,

Substituting ,we get

Substituting ,we get

Therefore, the given solutions satisfy this equation. Thus, it is the equation whose graph is given.

### Page 13.24 Ex. 13.3

Q9.

**Answer :**

We are given co-ordinates (–1, 3) and (2, 0) as the solution of one of the following equations.

We will substitute the value of both co-ordinates in each of the equation and find the equation which satisfies the given co-ordinates.

**(i) **We are given,

Substituting ,we get

Substituting ,we get

Therefore, the given solutions does not satisfy this equation.

**(ii) **We are given,

Substituting ,we get

Substituting ,we get

Therefore, the given solutions does not completely satisfy this equation.

**(iii) **We are given,

Substituting ,we get

Substituting ,we get

Therefore, the given solutions satisfy this equation. Thus, it is the equation whose graph is given.

Q10.

**Answer :**

It is given that the point lies on the given equation,

Clearly, the given point is the solution of the given equation.

Now,

Substituting in the given equation, we get

### Page 13.32 Ex. 13.4

Q1.

**Answer :**

**(i)** We are given,

x = 2

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point (2, 0) is shown below

**(ii)** We are given,

We get,

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *x* axis passing through the point A(0, –3) is shown below

**(iii)** We are given,

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *x* axis passing through the point (0, 3) is shown below

**(iv)** We are given,

We get,

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane,it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point is shown below

**(v)** We are given,

We get,

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point is shown below

Q2.

**Answer :**

We are given,

We get,

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point is shown below

Q3.

**Answer :**

We are given,

we get,

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point (–5, 0) is shown below

Q4.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,3).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to 3.

We get the equation as

**(ii) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,-4).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to -4.

We get the equation as

**(iii) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (2,-5).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to -5.

We get the equation as

**(iv) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,4).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to 4.

We get the equation as

Q5.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (4,0).

For the equation of the line parallel to *y *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *y *containing *x* equal to 4.

We get the equation as

**(ii) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (–2,0).

For the equation of the line parallel to *y *axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *y *containing *x* equal to –2.

We get the equation as

**(iii) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,5).

For the equation of the line parallel to *y *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *y *containing *x* equal to 3.

We get the equation as

**(iv) **We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (−4,−3).

For the equation of the line parallel to *y *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *y *containing *x* equal to −4.

We get the equation as

### Page 13.32 Formative Assessment_VSA

Q1.

**Answer :**

The equation of line representing *x* axis is given by

Q2.

**Answer :**

The equation of line representing *y* axis is given by

Q3.

**Answer :**

We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,4).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to 4.

We get the equation as

Q4.

**Answer :**

We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,5).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to 5.

We get the equation as

Q5.

**Answer :**

We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (–3,–7).

For the equation of the line parallel to *y *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *y *containing *x* equal to –3.

We get the equation as

Q6.

**Answer :**

We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (–4,6).

For the equation of the line parallel to *x *axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of *x *containing *y* equal to 6.

We get the equation as

Q7.

**Answer :**

We are given,

we get,

Q8.

**Answer :**

We are given,

we get,

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to *y* axis passing through the point is shown below

Q9.

**Answer :**

We are given lies on the graph of linear equation.

So, the given co-ordinates are the solution of the equation.

Therefore, we can calculate the value of *a* by substituting the value of given co-ordinates in equation.

Substituting in equation, we get

Q10.

**Answer :**

We are given lies on the graph of linear equation.

So, the given co-ordinates are the solution of the equation.

Therefore, we can calculate the value of *k *by substituting the value of given co-ordinates in equation.

Substituting in equation, we get

### Page 13.33 Formative Assessment_MCQ

Q1.

**Answer :**

We are given (4, 19)as the solution of equation

Substituting *x* = 4 and *y* = 19, we get

Therefore, the correct answer is **(b)**.

Q2.

**Answer :**

We are given (*a*, 4) lies on the graph of linear equation 3*x* + *y* = 10.

So, the given co-ordinates are the solution of the equation 3*x* + *y* = 10.

Therefore, we can calculate the value of *a* by substituting the value of given co-ordinates in equation 3*x* + *y* = 10.

Substituting *x* = *a* and *y* = 4 in equation 3*x* + *y* = 10, we get

No option is correct.

Q3.

**Answer :**

We are given,

we get,

We will substitute in to get the co-ordinates for the graph of at *x* axis

Co-ordinates for the graph of are .

Therefore, the correct answer is **(a).**

Q4.

**Answer :**

There are infinite numbers of linear equations that are satisfied by as

**(i) **Every solution of the linear equation represent a point on the line.

**(ii) **Every point on the line is the solution of the linear equation.

Therefore, the correct answer is **(d).**

Q5.

**Answer :**

The equation is represented by a point on the number line.

Therefore, the correct answer is **(b)**.

Q6.

**Answer :**

We are given as the solution of linear equation, which we have to find?

The equation is which can be proved by

Substituting in the equation, we get

Therefore, the correct answer is **(a).**

Q7.

**Answer :**

We are given as the solution of equation

Substituting, we get

Therefore, the correct answer is **(b)**.

Q8.

**Answer :**

Distance between the graph of equations, say *D*

*D* = Distance of co-ordinate on negative side of *x* axis + Distance of co-ordinate on positive side of *x* axis

Distance of co-ordinate on negative side of *x* axis = *x* = 3 units

Distance of co-ordinate on positive side of *x* axis = *x* = 2 units

Therefore, the correct answer is **(d).**

Q9.

**Answer :**

Distance between the graph of equations, say *D*

*D* = Distance of co-ordinate on negative side of *y* axis + Distance of co-ordinate on positive side of *y* axis

Distance of co-ordinate on negative side of *y* axis = *y* = 1 units

Distance of co-ordinate on positive side of *y* axis = *y* = 3 units

Therefore, the correct answer is **(b).**

### Page 13.6 Ex. 13.2

Q1.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given,

Substituting *x *= 1 in the given equation, we get

Substituting *x *= 2 in the given equation, we get

**(ii) **We are given,

Substituting in the given equation, we get

Substituting in the given equation, we get

**(iii)** We are given,

Substituting *x* = 0 in the given equation, we get

Substituting *x *= 4 in the given equation, we get

**(iv)** We are given,

Substituting *x *= 0 in the given equation, we get

Substituting* x *= 3 in the given equation, we get

Q2.

**Answer :**

**(i) **We are given,

Substituting x = 0 in the given equation, we get

Substituting y = 0 in the given equation, we get

**(ii) **We are given,

Substituting in the given equation, we get

Substituting y = 0 in the given equation, we get

**(iii) **We are given,

Substituting x = 0 in the given equation, we get

Substituting y = 0 in the given equation, we get

Q3.

**Answer :**

We are given,

2*x* – *y* = 6

**(i) **In the equation 2*x* – *y* = 6,we have

Substituting* x *= 3 and *y* = 0 in 2*x* – *y*, we get

is the solution of 2x – y = 6.

**(ii) **In the equation 2x – y = 6, we have

Substituting* x = *0 and *y* = 6 in 2x – y,we get

is not the solution of 2x – y = 6.

**(iii) **In the equation 2x – y = 6,we have

Substituting *x *= 2 and *y* = –2 in 2*x* – *y*, we get

is the solution of 2x – y = 6.

**(iv) **In the equation 2x – y = 6, we have

Substituting and y = 0 in 2x – y, we get

is not the solution of 2x – y = 6.

**(v) **In the equation 2x – y = 6, we have

Substituting and y = –5 in 2x – y, we get

is the solution of 2x – y = 6.

Q4.

**Answer :**

We are given,

is the solution of equation .

Substituting and in ,we get

Q5.

**Answer :**

We are given,

is the solution of equation .

Substituting and in ,we get

### Page 13.7 Ex. 13.2

Q6.

**Answer :**

We are given,

is the solution of equation .

Substituting and in ,we get

$2\times \left(2a+1\right)\u20133\times \left(a\u20131\right)+5=0\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}?4a+2\u20133a+3+5=0\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}?a+10=0\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}?a=\u201310\left(\mathrm{answer}\right)$Q7.

**Answer :**

We are given,

is the solution of equation .

Substituting and in ,we get

Using quadratic factorization